This is post #16 of #BlogchatterA2Z.
This includes blogging every day in April for 26 days, except on Sundays. What’s special about it is that every day’s post will be corresponding to each letter of the alphabet.
All my #BlogchatterA2Z posts 2021 can be found here.
The notes, library stamps, or markings in the end papers of a book tell us a lot about its ownership.
I talked about medieval marginalia in an earlier post and how the shocking nature of the marginal illustrations in religious books changed our perception of medieval European society being conservative.
Similarly, book collectors pay special attention to the provenance in a book i.e. the historical record of its ownership, location, or custody. It determines the value of the book, especially rare ones.
Libraries and museums keep provenance records of valuable books.
For instance, if a book was once known to have belonged to a famous person, it will have more value than a copy that belonged to a regular person.
Provenance can be determined by many different elements:
- Marginalia (notes written in margins)
- Handwritten recipes
- Statement of ownership through signatures or a bookplate (ex libris)
- Genealogy written in family religious books and pamphlets
- Other notes scribbled in books
- Annotation and commentary about the text
- Book sale catalogs
Forms of Provenance in Books
Book collectors look for various forms of provenance:
Social and political writings that have made a great impact on history have greater provenance than other pieces of writing.
Ownership by a famous author
If a book is verified to have been owned at one point in time by a famous author, that copy has greater value than other copies.
Place of origin
Certain things like the book being printed at a historically important place or time, or being part of an important library confers greater value to it.
Elements of Provenance in Books
Let’s examine some of the elements of provenance in books in detail:
History of ownership
A book is deemed rare if it’s known to have been owned by a famous (or infamous) person.
It’s well-known that a signed copy of a book (by the author) has greater value than regular copies. Such copies are even more valuable if it is a limited edition, an early edition, or unique in any way.
Books where the author has inscribed a note to the owner are special. What’s even more special is when the author inscribes a note to his/her own family and friends. A distinction is made between inscribed copy and presentation copy.
- An inscribed copy carries the author’s signature and the recipient’s name.
- A presentation copy is given to the recipient by the author.
Association with famous people
Books that are associated with famous people in any way are deemed more valuable. For instance, a famous person quoting from a book or conducting a reading of a book.
What does provenance in books tell us?
- Patterns and trends in the history of book users
- Reconstruction of collections of historical figures and lost libraries
- Understanding of how people bought, collected, and organized their books
- Helps research people and their families
Early forms of provenance, such as marginalia, show us how paper was scarce in those times and people used any available space to write or doodle.
Rich people with enough money to build and maintain large personal libraries had special bookplates made for themselves–mostly out of vanity than a need to record ownership.
After paper became cheap to manufacture and books more affordable, attitudes toward writing in books have changed. Many people frown upon using margins of books as scrap paper (rough notebook).
Also, books produced today are not expected to last hundreds of years. E-books and digital manuscripts have gained popularity as a convenient and cost-effective alternative to physical books.
Now, provenance in books consists mostly of highlighting and annotating in texts meant for research or study.